U.S. adds 163,000 jobs in July

WASHINGTON — The U.S. economy broke out of its hiring slump last month with the biggest net gain in jobs since February, easing fears that the slow and bumpy recovery was falling off track.

Employers added 163,000 jobs in July, more than double the average of the prior three months. But as welcomed as that acceleration was, analysts still considered the pace of job growth just middling.

And it did little for the nation's unemployment rate, which ticked up a notch last month to 8.3 percent, the Bureau of Labor Statistics said Friday.

The split picture in the report — more jobs but higher unemployment — reflects the two different surveys that the agency uses for its monthly snapshot of the job market. And it gave President Barack Obama and the presumptive Republican challenger, Mitt Romney, each something to seize on.

Analysts said the July jobs report may complicate but probably won't sway the Federal Reserve's thinking on whether to provide more stimulus for the economy. The Fed last week signaled a stronger willingness to take action, possibly at its next meeting in September.

Economists remained cautious about the hiring outlook, saying monthly job growth wasn't likely to get any better than July's over the rest of the year.

The U.S. economy is expanding at a sluggish pace because of softening consumer spending and government cutbacks. Employers also are weighed down by uncertainties over the debt crisis in Europe, a slowing global economy, and the political and fiscal situation in the U.S.

"The most basic problem is we just don't have strong enough (economic) growth to see job prospects improve," said Keith Hall, former commissioner at the Bureau of Labor Statistics and now senior research fellow at George Mason University.

Still, after a string of gloomy job reports and weak signals on the economy, Hall and other analysts were encouraged to learn that the labor market wasn't losing ground. And for a change, the employment report beat forecasts from economists, who on average predicted job growth of about 100,000 for July.

At a White House event at the end of last week, Obama briefly touched on the July employment report, saying the nation had added 4.5 million jobs over the past 21/2; years. He acknowledged that there was more to do, but then quickly turned to his dominant campaign message: chiding Republicans for seeking tax breaks for the wealthy at the expense of the struggling middle class.

Romney, in a statement, focused largely on the unemployment rate, noting that it has been above 8 percent for 42 months in a row. "Today's increase in the unemployment rate is a hammer blow to struggling middle-class families," he said. "Middle-class Americans deserve better, and I believe America can do better."

The unemployment rate was 9.1 percent a year ago and had drifted down to as low as 8.1 percent in April, partly because many of the unemployed dropped out of the labor market. The Bureau of Labor Statistics doesn't count as unemployed those who have quit looking for work, and its survey of households can generate results that are volatile from month to month.

Analysts put more stock in the monthly change in payroll jobs, which is based on a Bureau of Labor Statistics survey of businesses and government agencies. Last winter, job growth sped up to an average of about 250,000 jobs a month, but then slowed to an average of just 73,000 from April to June.

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